- religious; observant; Orthodox
- "First I went to college, then I spent some time in Israel, where I became frum. Now I daven with the Orthodox and eat kosher meat only, which is really expensive." (student)
Languages of Origin
Who Uses This
Religious: Jews who are engaged in religious observance and have some Jewish education
Rosten: The New Joys of Yiddish, by Leo Rosten and Lawrence Bush (New York, 2003).
Yiddish: Yiddish and English: A Century of Yiddish in America, by Sol Steinmetz (Tuscaloosa, 1986).
JPS: The JPS Dictionary of Jewish Words, by Joyce Eisenberg and Ellen Scolnic, (Philadelphia, 2001).
Weiser: Frumspeak: The First Dictionary of Yeshivish, by Chaim Weiser (Northvale, 1995).
Steinmetz: Dictionary of Jewish Usage: A Popular Guide to the Use of Jewish Terms, by Sol Steinmetz (Lanham, MD, 2005).
The vowel generally has the sound of the "u" in "put." However, in some areas of Eastern Europe, the "u" vowel became a short "i", as in the English word "rim". ("Miter" for "muter" 'mother' and "piter" for "puter" 'butter' are other examples.)
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